Global impacts of human activity on wildlife communities
People play an important role in ecosystems as lethal and non-lethal predators, with effects on animal behavior and community interactions. Humans may drive patterns of wildlife behavior and distribution through their interactions with prey species in a manner predicted by predator-prey theory and the “ecology of fear.” By applying our knowledge of natural predator-prey systems to novel human-modified systems, we may better understand how animals respond to humans at multiple spatial, temporal, and ecological scales and work towards solutions for human-wildlife coexistence. My current work at NCEAS integrates data from multiple sources, including camera traps and GPS telemetry data, to explore the influence of human activity and infrastructure on patterns of animal activity at regional and global scales.
- Gaynor, K.M., Hojnowski, C.E., Carter, N.H., & Brashares, J.S. 2018. The influence of human disturbance on wildlife nocturnality. Science 360: 1232-1235.
- Wilson, M., Ridlon, A.D., Gaynor, K.M., Gaines, S.D., Stier, A.C., & Halpern, B.S. 2020. Ecological impacts of human-induced animal behavior change. Ecology Letters. Early View.
- Gaynor, K.M., Cherry, M.J., Gilbert, S.L., Kohl, M.T., Larson, C.L., Newsome, T.M., Prugh, L.R., Suraci, J.P., Young, J.K., & Smith, J.A. In press. An applied ecology of fear framework: linking theory to conservation practice. Animal Conservation.
- Gaynor, K.M., Brown, J.S., Middleton, A.D., & Power, M.E., & Brashares, J.S. 2019. Landscapes of fear: spatial patterns of risk perception and response. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 34(4): 355-368.
- Yamashita, T.,* Gaynor, K.M., Kioko, J., Brashares, J.S., & Kiffner, C. 2018. Anti-predator behavior of African ungulates around human settlements. African Journal of Ecology 56(3): 528-536.
- Impacts of recreation and infrastructure on large mammals in US National Parks, in collaboration with Paul Cross (USGS), John Benson (U Nebraska), Michael Cherry (Texas A&M), Clint Epps (OSU), Rob Fletcher (U Florida) Nathan Galloway (NPS), John Orrock (UW Madison), Justine Smith (UC Davis)
- Responses of North American mammals to human activity and footprint, led by Justin Suraci and Chris Wilmers (UCSC)
- Influence of human activity on predator-prey temporal partitioning, led by Amy Van Scoyoc (UC Berkeley)
- Mismatches between anthropogenic risk and responses in wild animals, in collaboration with Justine Smith (UC Davis) and Justin Suraci (UCSC)